What are the educational characteristics of specific learning disorders?
A student could have a specific learning disability if they:
- Struggle in reaching the age appropriate levels in math, reading, writing, spelling, speaking, or listening.
- Unable to comprehend and perform directions correctly in the classroom. Also has difficulty recalling what was just said to them and keeping track of school materials.
- Deficiencies in coordination skills and struggles with their sense of time.
- Difficulty in completing class activities or homework assignments by themselves. Therefore cannot complete their class work and homework without substantial assistance.
How does specific learning disability impact the learning areas in school?
A specific learning disability can affect their reading, writing, spelling and speaking due to having difficulties in:
- Understanding the “the alphabet, rhyming words, or connecting letters to their sounds” (Center for Parent Information & Resources, 2015).
- Reading fluently aloud and cannot comprehend what was read.
- Spelling correctly and communicating through their writing.
- Behind on language acquisition with a low vocabulary.
- Recalling and pronouncing letter sounds and being able to differentiate when hearing the sounds in words. This leads to not pronouncing words correcting and wrong sound use for alike term.
- In brainstorming writing or making conversation do to not being able to perceive words to properly form an idea.
- Differentiating between math symbols and numbers.
- Recalling story sequence that was read.
- Starting and continuing assignments.